Lysimeter - Project: "Lystrat"

Consequences of climate change on ecosystem functions, water balance, productivity and biodiversity of agricultural soils in the Pannonian area.

Helene Berthold1, Andreas Baumgarten1, Franz Hadacek2, Gert Bachmann2, Alexander Bruckner3, Janet Wissuwa3, Johann Zaller3, Erwin Murer4, Johannes Hösch1, Barbara Kitzler5, Kerstin Michel5

Up to now, a number of publications have highlighted the possible effect of climatic changes on certain soil properties, but up to now a comprehensive view of the soil-plant system as a basis for further recommendations is still missing. Especially in the light of the provision of food security, it seems necessary to improve this knowledge especially at individual sites to enable the development of sound adaptation strategies.

The aim of the project is, to improve the data with regard to possible changes in the soil - plant system due to changing climatic conditions, namely lasting drought and heavy rain events and to develop or adopt models for the prediction of these changes.

Additional to the classic chemical soil  analysis microbiological and Mesofauna analysis will be conducted. The experiment will be carried out at the lysimeter station of AGES, comprising the three main soil types of the pannonian production area (calcaric phaeozem, lS – S; gleyic phaeozem, L – sU; calcic chernozem, lU – sU) in six repetitions each.

The lysimeter station will be covered by an automatic, rain and wind force, sensor regulated coverage to allow a simulation of the precipitation according to average conditions compared to lasting drought, interrupted by heavy rainfall.

Klima Energie Fonds

This project is funded by the Climate and Energy Fund and is performed as a part of the program "ACRP".

1 Österreichische Agentur für Gesundheit und Ernährungssicherheit, Institut für Bodengesundheit

und Pflanzenernährung, Spargelfeldstraße 191, 1220 WIEN

2 Universität Wien, Chemical Ecology and Ecosystem Research, Althanstraße 14, 1090 WIEN

3 Universität für Bodenkultur, Institut für Zoologie, Gregor-Mendel-Straße 33, 1180 WIEN

4 Bundesamt für Wasserwirtschaft, Institut für Kulturtechnik und Bodenwasserhaushalt, Pollnbergstraße 1, 3252 PETZENKIRCHEN

5 Bundesamt und Forschungszentrum für Wald, Seckendorff-Gudent-Weg 8, 1131 WIEN