Glanders is a disease that occurs primarily in solipeds. It is caused by the bacterium Burkholderia mallei. Humans can become infected through direct contact with infected animals.
Asia, Africa, Middle East and South America
equids (donkeys, horses, mules), camels
Route of infection
Directly from animal to animal (mucous membrane, skin lesions) and indirectly via contaminated feed, water, objects (grooming utensils and the like).
A few days up to several months
Nasal rash: high fever, loss of appetite, ulcerative changes in the nasal mucosa, yellow-greenish nasal discharge, cough, breathing difficulties, swelling of the lymph nodesLung rash: fever, cough, breathing difficulties, nodules and abscesses in the lungsSkin rash: fever, cough, breathing difficulties, nodules in the skin (often along the lymph vessels). The nodules often break open ulcerously (thick yellow exudate).
Animals are not treated, in humans antibiotic therapy is long and difficult.
There is no vaccination