Bluetongue Disease is a notifiable disease according to Austria’s Animal Diseases Act.
Monitoring of the Austrian animal population concentrates on identifying BTV-positive animals and on control of animal movement:
- exhaustive examination of susceptible animals
- BTV 8 vaccination in cattle, sheep and goats
A monitoring programme has been in operation in Austria since 2007 in accordance with a sampling plan drawn up by AGES. After Austria was declared BT-free, annual, seasonally-bound BT monitoring was tested for BLUETONGUE DISEASE starting from September to December in 4 regions with 301 cattle in each. Following the occurrence of BT in the Balkans, a fifth region (risk area, dark green) was introduced on the Hungarian border in April 2015. Samples are taken quarterly in regions 1-4 and monthly in region 5. All the animals are tested for BT antibodies and must therefore never have been vaccinated with a BTV vaccine. The aim is to detect BTV infection in an area early by using these sentinel animals, so that possible outbreaks of Bluetongue Disease are detected as soon as possible and control measures can be implemented early - Austrian Federal Ministry of Health: information on the monitoring programme.
BLUETONGUE reports Austria 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010
When an animal tests positive for BTV in Austria, control measures in accordance with BLUETONGUE control regulations come into force (see statutory provisions on the Austrian Federal Ministry of Health homepage).
There are serotype-specific vaccines for BLUETONGUE DISEASE. An inactivated BTV 8 vaccine has been approved by EMEA for cattle and small ruminants since 01/08/2008. Currently no official vaccination programme against BT is being implemented in Austria. Vaccination against serotype 4 of BLUETONGUE DISEASE is permitted, whereby vaccination can take place on a voluntary basis at the request (and own costs) of the animal owner. But as BLUETONGUE DISEASE is a notifiable disease under Austria’s Animal Diseases Act, certain general conditions must be observed when doing so - - for more information visit the Austrian Federal Ministry of Health Homepage.
EU Commission homepage/Bluetongue