In the region of Calabria, the area of the first appearance in 2014, there have been finds of the small hive beetle in bee colonies every year since then, despite the very rigorous and continuously implemented extensive monitoring and control measures. Thus this pest is to be regarded as established in this region. In 2016, the small hive beetle was also detected in the province of Cosenza, about 100 km away from the protection zone around Gioia Tauro, at five apiaries of a farm, which indicates a unique carry-over.
The situation is different for Sicily. Here, in 2014, there was evidence of an apiary whose colonies had been in Calabria in the summer of 2014 and had subsequently migrated back to Sicily. After the control measures had been taken, the extensive inspections in Sicily did not reveal any further findings until 2017, so that the restriction and surveillance zone there could be lifted in March 2017 by EU implementation decision (EU 2017/370).
From 2015 onwards, the veterinary authorities in these areas set up surveillance offshoots (so-called "sentinel peoples") in order to obtain a picture of the infestation situation.
In the rest of Italy, the monitoring activities have so far revealed no findings of the small hive beetle.
The data of the confirmed cases are available on the following websites in tabular form as well as in figures: