Substances classified as CMR (Art. 15) are substances that: are cancerogenic, mutagenic and reprotoxic and are suspected to have such effects. The use of substances classified as CMR according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 is generally prohibited. They are classified in hazard categories, depending on their toxicity:
Category 1A or 1B
Substances classified as category 1A or 1B may be used in cosmetic products by way of exception if all of the following criteria are fulfilled:
- they comply with the food safety requirements as defined in Regulation (EC) No 178/2002
- there are no suitable alternative substances available
- the application is made for a particular use of the product category with a known exposure level
- they have been evaluated and found safe by the SCCS
The legal requirements for CMR substances (Art. 15 Para. 1 and 2) have been in effect since 1.1.2010.
A substance classified as category 2 may be used in cosmetic products if it has been found safe by the Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS).