Licensing fees for agricultural cultivation varieties and for vegetable varieties grown for special conditions


All varieties of agricultural plant species are subject to an approval and registration process within the EU. However, the EU has provided for exceptions in its Regulation 2008/62/EC for licensing landraces (= conservation varieties) and other varieties that have been grown traditionally in particular locations and regions and are threatened by genetic erosion and possible loss. This also applies to making the seed or seed potatoes of such landraces available to the market. There is also an analogue Regulation (Regulation 2009/145/EC) for growing special vegetable varieties (= varieties developed for growing under particular conditions) for 37 species such as carrots, rhubarb, asparagus, spinach and tomatoes.

Both regulations have been fully implemented in Austrian law. The Austrian Varieties List (ÖSL) currently includes 16 agricultural and 87 vegetable varieties developed for growing under particular conditions. In addition, several varieties undergo this facilitated licensing process on a permanent basis.

The special treatment of these conservation varieties and varieties developed for growing under particular conditions desired by the EU for more environmentally-friendly and biodiversity promoting production is reflected in the lower level of requirements (e.g. no DUS/VCU  tests) for these varieties and the much lower costs for variety release.



Costs in € for Releasing Crop Varieties in Austria

Registration process

Application processing

DUS test

VCU test Test report Total
Registration

Annual  listing in the ÖSL

Winter wheat, Normal-V

225,55

1,142,36

3,214,83

169,80

4,752,54

23,36

Winter wheat, EHS-V

225,55

0

0

0

225,55

23,36

Vegetables, Normal-V

132,04

1,100 – 2,000

0

0

max. ca 2,132.-

23,36

Vegetables, BBGS-V

132,04

0

0

0

132,04

23,36


Whether the given variety is considered a “genetic resource” in line with the Regulation is determined for all conservation varieties and varieties developed for growing under particular conditions when the application is processed. This status has been awarded to all the varieties submitted for evaluation to date.

In Austria, the same quantities of agricultural conservation varieties may be placed on the market as is permitted for conventional varieties that are undergoing the approval process. The maximum volume of seed material is 173,900 kg seed material/year for winter wheat, for example. The volume of seed material of all the conservation varieties of winter wheat is capped at 10 percent of the national seed material volume. In other words, a total of about 5,800 tons seed material/year can be marketed for the sowing of about 35,000 hectares of land in the case of this particular crop that is essential for food security. The seed material of vegetable varieties developed for growing under particular conditions may be marketed at unlimited quantities in small packaged units.

The possible maximum seed material quantities for agricultural conservation varieties have never been used in Austria to date.

Link to the entire current Sortenordnungsgebührentarif 2017 (Variety fee tariffs 2017)

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