Varieties

Services
Changed on: 03.11.2017

The vast majority of agricultural plant and vegetable species encompasses a very large number of varieties. These varieties can be distinguished by features such as resilience to diseases, yield, quality etc. They are homogenous in themselves and do not change over time.

Productive, well-tested agricultural varieties are the key element in the manufacturing of top-quality, plant- and animal-based foods to sufficient output levels, in addition to clean, healthy seed and propagating material and plant genetic resources. Tests ensure safety for humans and animals, as these varieties are at the very beginning of the food chain. The Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety (AGES) and the Austrian Federal Office for Food Safety (BAES) assist in this process by carrying out important domestic monitoring and testing tasks on agricultural varieties.

There are more than 1,000 different, listed varieties in Austria. They are also listed in the Common EU Catalogue of Varieties of Agricultural Plant Species.

General

Austrian Descriptive Variety List (BSL)

Variety selection, vital to sustainable agriculture, an important contribution to ecology and economy, biodiversity and the quality of harvested products. 

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Sugar Beet – Results 2013-2016

The results of the sugar beet VCU test are listed in the result booklet and provide the basis for assessing sugar beet varieties in various Austrian cultivation areas.

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Variety Finder Online

The AGES Variety Finder is a new way for users to find the right variety for individual conditions. It links horticultural and quality attributes with yields, based on the tables in the Descriptive Variety List.

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Preferred Malting Barley 2017: Three New Varieties

The Malting Barley Committee added three valuable, new varieties to the established range of Cerbinetta, Rusalka, Salome and Zarasa: RGT Planet, Laureate and Regency.

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Variety Diversity of Agricultural Cultivars

The diversity of species and varieties in Austrian agriculture has increased considerably over the past 50 years. More than 900 agricultural species of the various cultivars can be grown in Austria, including 22 “varieties worth preserving” and 111 vegetable “varieties developed for growing under particular conditions”.

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Biodiversity and Variety Release

The number of winter wheat varieties doubled in selected west European countries and increased tenfold in eastern European countries between 1985 and 2015. The following article shows how these numbers have developed for other cultivated species.

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Mycotoxin Pre-Harvest Monitoring for Grain Maize

Mycotoxin levels have an effect on the possible use of maize and maize products. The Austrian Chamber of Agriculture commissioned AGES to carry out pre-harvest monitoring for grain maize to get a preliminary overview of the quality of the 2016 maize harvest before the main harvest season.

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Biodiversity in Soya Beans

Soya beans are a relatively new agricultural species in Austria. The plant is equipped with nodules to use atmospheric nitrogen directly for its growth just like local clover species. This helps make domestic crop rotation more flexible and improves the biodiversity of species and varieties on a long-term basis.

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Protein crops Plants as Food and Feedstuffs

Plant protein is a vital component in our food and feedstuffs. The sustainable production of this food component using local protein plants will have increased importance in the future.

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Variety Protection and DUS Test

Variety protection for new plant varieties provides the exclusive right to produce and distribute propagating material. This right will be registered on a temporary basis by adding the variety in the plant protection register. 

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Comparison of Charges: Conservation Varieties – Cultivars

A comparison of testing and approval fees for conservation varieties of agricultural plant species, for vegetable varieties cultivated for special conditions and for varieties cultivated for standard conditions.

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Biodiversity in Winter Rape Seed

Winter rape seed characterises the rural landscape during its flowering period and is a welcome food source for pollinating bees. This agricultural crop also makes a major contribution to the biodiversity of species and varieties in local crop rotation on a long-term basis.

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Research

CORNET Project AmyCtrl

The main objective of the CORNET project “AmyCtrl” is the identification and validation of molecular markers for selection based on pre-harvest sprouting resistance and case stability in wheat. In addition, these genetic tools are tested for their usability in growers’ genepools.

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CORNET Project Efficient Wheat

The CORNET project “Efficient Wheat” investigated the N efficiency of winter wheat varieties under drought stress. The objective was to provide better screening methods and molecular markers for the selection of varieties for growing processes.

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CORNET Project NoSprout

The objective of the CORNET project “NoSprout” was to characterise and validate QTL effects and make molecular markers useable. Genetic markers are beneficial for resilience to pre-harvest sprouting.  

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CORNET Project Wheat Stress

The CORNET project “Wheat Stress” looked for winter wheat varieties that could return high yields even under drought stress. To do this, the project analysed winter wheat genotypes from Austria, Germany and Hungary.

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CORNET Project RobustWheat

The CORNET project “RobustWheat” was designed to provide markers for the selection of case-number stable and pre-harvest sprout resilient wheat varieties.

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Scientific Support

Scientific work (post-doctorates, dissertations,..)

Grißmann, Thomas: Der Einfluss agronomischer Merkmale bei unterschiedlicher Wasserversorgung auf den Kornproteinertrag bei Winterweizen. 2015.
AGES-Contact: DI Clemens Flamm

Engel, Caroline: Influence of different water availability on phenotypical parameters, yield and yield components of Triticum aestivum. 2011.
AGES-Contact: DI Clemens Flamm

Teizer, Barbara: Novel selections criteria for drought tolerant winter wheat genotypes and their correlations to drought stress indicators, crop development, plant morphology, yield and quality parameters. 2010.
AGES-Contact: DI Clemens Flamm

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