Samples must be packed, labeled and transported in accordance with the latest dangerous goods regulations. You must observe the regulations for the transport of dangerous goods.
This document is for guidance only and it is up to the sender to comply with all national and international laws.
Samples for veterinary examination have a certain probability of containing pathogens, so-called infectious substances. As such, they are subject to dangerous goods law, which is regulated by the 1957 Geneva "European Convention on the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR)".
ADR - National Law
The acronym ADR stands for the French name of the agreement "Accord européen relatif au transport international des merchandises Dangereuses par route". In national law, the ADR is implemented in the Ordinance on the national and international carriage of dangerous goods by road and rail (Hazardous Goods Ordinance Road and Rail - GGVSE) along with directives for the implementation of the Hazardous Goods Ordinance Road and Railways (GGVSE Implementation Guidelines - RSE).
The Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air published by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) are the legally binding international regulations. The International Air Transport Association (IATA) publishes Dangerous Goods Regulations (DGR) that incorporate the ICAO provisions and may add further restrictions (where necessary such restrictions are included in these guidelines). The ICAO rules apply on all international flights. For national flights, i.e. flights within one country, national civil aviation authorities apply national legislation.
The ADR is a comprehensive legal basis, containing the requirements, in particular, for the classification, packaging, labelling and documentation of dangerous goods and handling during transport and the use of vehicles.
The dangerous substances are divided into nine classes, the infectious substances being found in class 6.2. Class 6.1 deals with toxic substances and class 7 with radioactive substances.
Criteria - what is considered an infectious substance?
(Below are excerpts from the original text of the ADR)
"Infectious substances within the meaning of ADR are substances that are known or suspected to contain pathogens.
Pathogens are micro-organisms (including bacteria, viruses, rickettsiae, parasites and fungi) and other agents such as prions, which can cause disease in humans or animals.
The substances of class 6.2 are subdivided as follows:
1. Infectious substances, affecting humans
2. Infectious substances, affecting animals only
3. Clinical waste
4. Biological substances
When preparing dangerous goods (infectious material) for transport (road, rail or air), the correct UN number must first be determined.
For the purposes of ADR:
Patient-derived specimens (patient specimens) are human or animal specimens taken directly from humans or animals, including but not limited to excreta, secretions, blood and blood components, tissues and swabs of tissue fluid, and body parts for the purposes of research , diagnosis, treatment or prevention.
Infectious substances are classified in Class 6.2 and assigned one of the following UN numbers 2814, 2900, 3291 or 3373. "
The United Nations (UN) has a working group ("Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods" of the "Transport Division" of UNECE = United Nations Economic Commission for Europe), which deals with the classification and conditions for packaging and carriage dangerous goods.
Every dangerous substance gets a four-digit UN number for identification according to the UN Model Regulations
United Nations recommendations for the transport of dangerous goods
The assigned UN numbers are subject to specific packing instructions (e.g., P650, P620, P099).
Danger of infectious substances - categories
Depending on the hazard potential, the infectious substances are classified into category A or B, with category A comprising the more hazardous pathogens.
Please also read our sample shipping information leaflet (german) - here you will also find practical examples of the packaging (pictures). See also "IATA Guidance Document - Infectious Substances". Further details can also be found under the following link on the internet: https://www.post.at/
The Bio Risk Officer (BRO) must be informed about samples falling under category A prior to transport. This also applies to category B samples, if they come from other EU countries or third countries (non-EU countries). Rabies antibody samples of healthy pets (dog, cat, ferret) from third countries are "Exempt Animal Specimen" and do NOT need to be reported in advance to the BRO!
BROs of AGES:
Wendy Shell, CMIOSH Bsc (Hons.) Msc
Tel: +43 664 9670948
Dr. Angelika Loitsch
Tel: +43 664 966 8326