Soil analysis

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Changed on: 19.04.2017
Laboruntersuchung - ICP Messung

The nourishment of a plant is an extremely complicated process, which is influenced by the supply of nutrients in the soil, on the one hand, and by conditions such as humidity, aeration or season on the other.

A soil analysis indicates the soil's status at the time of sampling. The examination of nutrients allows to clearly identify nutrient-poor, sufficiently supplied or oversupplied soil and thus to determine appropriate measures.

More information
Laboruntersuchung - ICP Messung

The nourishment of a plant is an extremely complicated process, which is influenced by the supply of nutrients in the soil, on the one hand, and by conditions such as humidity, aeration or season on the other.

A soil analysis indicates the soil's status at the time of sampling. The examination of nutrients allows to clearly identify nutrient-poor, sufficiently supplied or oversupplied soil and thus to determine appropriate measures.

More information

Contact

Portrait of Ing.Department for Soil Health and Plant Nutrition Ableitner
Ing. Department for Soil Health and Plant Nutrition Ableitner
Phone: +43 5 0555-34132
Fax: +43 5 0555-34101
Spargelfeldstraße 191
1220 Wien
Dr. Andreas Baumgarten
Phone: +43 50 555-34100
Mobile: +43(664) 8398099
Spargelfeldstraße 191
1220 Wien
Portrait of Ing.Department for Soil Health and Plant Nutrition Ableitner
Ing. Department for Soil Health and Plant Nutrition Ableitner
Phone: +43 5 0555-34132
Fax: +43 5 0555-34101
Spargelfeldstraße 191
1220 Wien
Dr. Andreas Baumgarten
Phone: +43 50 555-34100
Mobile: +43(664) 8398099
Spargelfeldstraße 191
1220 Wien

Crop cultivation and grassland

caption
Wheat
Wheat

Nutrient supply is of primary importance in agriculturally used soils.
We recommend that you carry out a basic examination (pH, plant-available fraction of phosphorus and potassium) as well as, optionally, the determination of the available magnesium and humus content.

This will provide you with important information about the nutrients available in the soil. An additional determination of the soil type (sand, silt and clay content) makes a more accurate assessment of the nutrient cycle possible.

For estimating the nitrogen mineralisation, the content of potential nitrogen (Nnl) can be analysed. In order to accurately calculate nitrogen fertilisation, an analysis of mineral nitrogen (Nmin) can furthermore be performed. Additionally, a number of other analyses are possible depending on the issue at hand.

 

 

Downloads and further information

Requesting a soil analysis for crop cultivation and grassland (questionnaire)

To place an order for the examination of agriculturally used soils, it is necessary to completely fill in the relevant form provided and submit it together with the soil sample.

    Questionnaire - Crop cultivation and grassland (0.93 M)
    Requesting a soil analysis for crop cultivation and grassland. [In German only]
    download file  | open PDF

Instructions for taking soil samples, explanations for soil analysis

In this form you will find important information on sampling and order placement.

Download the relevant form
Available formats: pdf | jpg-page 1 | jpg-page 2

Abbreviation list for order placement

In this form you will find the necessary abbreviations and acronyms for supplementary examinations.
In the order form, please tick them accordingly for the respective sample.

Download the relevant form:
Or choose an other format: pdf | jpg

Accompanying brochures

Richtlinien für die sachgerechte Düngung im Ackerbau und Grünland, 7. Auflage 2017

Richtlinien für die sachgerechte Düngung

Anleitung zur Interpretation von
Bodenuntersuchungsergebnissen in der Landwirtschaft.

7. Auflage, 2017


Download dieser Broschüre (pdf)

Viticulture and Fruit culture

Viticulture and Fruit Culture

caption
Traubenernte
Traubenernte

Viticulture – existing vineyards

For vineyards, basic testing (pH, available amounts of phosphorus and potassium) and the examination of magnesium, from both the top soil layer as well as from the subsoil, are recommended, as a large portion of the vine roots also grows into deeper soil layers.

In addition to making a detailed recommendation, examining the lime content and lime activity (when suspecting problems with lime tolerance of rootstocks or signs of lime-induced chlorosis), the content of plant-available trace elements (iron, manganese, copper, zinc, boron) and the exchangeable cations should be considered.

Viticulture – establishing new vineyards

When examining both the top soil layer as well as the subsoil's pH level, the available amounts of phosphorus and potassium as well as the content of plant-available magnesium is required as a basis for determining an appropriate reserve supply fertilisation.

To facilitate the selection of suitable rootstocks, the lime content as well as lime activity should additionally be examined.

Fruit culture

caption
Box with apples
Box with apples

In addition to the basic analyses (pH, plant-available amounts of phosphorus and potassium), the magnesium content as well as the content of plant-available boron and plant-available trace elements should be analysed for fruit cultivation.

Top soil layer as well as subsoil are to also be examined.

 

 

Downloads and further information

Requesting a soil analysis for crop cultivation and grassland (questionnaire)

To place an order for the examination of agriculturally used soils, it is necessary to completely fill in the relevant form provided and submit it together with the soil sample.

    Questionnaire - Crop cultivation and grassland (0.93 M)
    Requesting a soil analysis for crop cultivation and grassland. [In German only]
    download file  | open PDF

Instructions for taking soil samples, explanations for soil analysis

In this form you will find important information on sampling and order placement.

Download the relevant form
Available formats: pdf | jpg-page 1 | jpg-page 2

Abbreviation list for order placement

In this form you will find the necessary abbreviations and acronyms for supplementary examinations.
In the order form, please tick them accordingly for the respective sample.

Download the relevant form:
Or choose an other format: pdf | jpg


Requesting a soil analysis for Nmin (questionnaire)

To place an order for an analysis of agriculturally used soils, it is necessary to completely fill in the relevant form provided and submit it together with the soil sample.

Note: When transporting or shipping the sample(s) please take care to maintain sufficient cooling.
 

Download this form:
Please choose format:
pdf | jpg

Explanations for questionnaire form Nmin analysis

In this form you will find important information on sampling and order placement.

Download this form:
Please choose format: pdfjpg-Seite 1 | jpg-Seite 2 | jpg-Seite 3

Accompanying brochures

Richtlinien für die sachgerechte Düngung im Weinbau

Richtlinien für die sachgerechte Düngung im Weinbau

Die Empfehlungen des Fachbeirates für Bodenfruchtbarkeit und Bodenschutz sollen den Winzer unterstützen, die Düngung sachlich und fachlich richtig und damit den gesetzlichen Vorgaben folgend durchzuführen.

2. Auflage, 2014

Download dieser Broschüre (pdf)

Richtlinien für die sachgerechte Düngung im Obstbau

Richtlinien für die sachgerechte Düngung im Obstbau

Die Richtlinie wurde gemeinsam von wissenschaftlichen ExpertInnen, BeraterInnen und
PraktikerInnen erarbeitet und wissenschaftlich fundierte Entscheidungshilfe für eine qualitätsorientierte und umweltschonende Planung beim Einsatz von Düngemitteln.

1. Auflage, 2008

Download dieser Broschüre (pdf)

    Addendum Obstbau (111 K)
    Addendum zur Broschüre "Richtlinien für die sachgerechte Düngung im Obstbau"
    download file  | open PDF

Vegetable culture

caption
Ernte von gelben Zucchini
Ernte von gelben Zucchini

For vegetable crops, a basic analysis (pH, plant-available amounts of phosphorus and potassium) as well as the determination of magnesium and humus content is advisable.

Particularly when problems occur, determining trace elements contents as well as of plant-available boron may provide essential information. These analyses can also be supplemented with the determination of electrical conductivity (corresponding to the content of salts in the soil).

In order to estimate nitrogen mineralisation, the content of potential nitrogen can be analysed. The analysis of mineral nitrogen (Nmin) is recommended as a basis to accurately calculate nitrogen fertilisation.

Downloads and further information

Requesting a soil analysis for crop cultivation and grassland (questionnaire)

To place an order for the examination of agriculturally used soils, it is necessary to completely fill in the relevant form provided and submit it together with the soil sample.

    Questionnaire - Crop cultivation and grassland (0.93 M)
    Requesting a soil analysis for crop cultivation and grassland. [In German only]
    download file  | open PDF

Instructions for taking soil samples, explanations for soil analysis

In this form you will find important information on sampling and order placement.

Download the relevant form
Available formats: pdf | jpg-page 1 | jpg-page 2

Abbreviation list for order placement

In this form you will find the necessary abbreviations and acronyms for supplementary examinations.
In the order form, please tick them accordingly for the respective sample.

Download the relevant form:
Or choose an other format: pdf | jpg


Requesting a soil analysis for Nmin (questionnaire)

To place an order for an analysis of agriculturally used soils, it is necessary to completely fill in the relevant form provided and submit it together with the soil sample.

Note: When transporting or shipping the sample(s) please take care to maintain sufficient cooling.
 

Download this form:
Please choose format:
pdf | jpg

Explanations for questionnaire form Nmin analysis

In this form you will find important information on sampling and order placement.

Download this form:
Please choose format: pdfjpg-Seite 1 | jpg-Seite 2 | jpg-Seite 3

Begleitende Broschüren

Nmin

Nmin analysis

The determination of mineral nitrogen (Nmin) in the soil is used to detect the readily available nitrogen supplies. Both the nitrate nitrogen (NO3) and ammonium nitrogen (NH4) are recorded. On the one hand, the Nmin content can be used for planning nitrogen fertilisation, on the other it can also be used for the determination of readily available residual quantities in autumn.

Depending on the objective, the content is determined in soil layer depths of 0–30cm, 30–60cm and 60–90cm.

Use in crop cultivation

caption
Weizenfeld
Weizenfeld

The use of a standard value system based on Nmin determination is an opportunity to significantly refine recommendations for nitrogen fertilisation.
The Nmin value records the plant-available mineral nitrogen (nitrate nitrogen and ammonium nitrogen) in the root-permeable soil profile. A soil depth of up to 90 cm is usually assumed as being root-permeable. Consideration of the layer at 60–90 cm depth is especially important in arid areas and improves forecast accuracy.

Nitrogen fertiliser recommendations that are based on the standard value system are offered for winter cereals, maize and triticale.

Use in vegetable cultures

caption
Kohlsprossen
Kohlsprossen

For vegetable crops, a recommendation based on the culture accompanying KNS system can be offered. The sampling depth of soil samples is thereby aimed both on the culture as well as on the time of sampling.

 

 

Details on the KNS system can be found in the booklet 'Guidelines for proper fertilisation in horticulture and field vegetable production'. (Please see below for a possible download.) [in German only]

Downloads and further information

    Questionnaire for Nmin analysis (30 K)
    To place an order for an analysis of agriculturally used soils, it is necessary to completely fill in the relevant form provided and submit it together with the soil sample.
    Note:
    When transporting or shipping the sample(s) please take care to maintain sufficient cooling.
    download file

    Explanations for questionnaire form Nmin analysis (29 K)
    In this form you will find important information on sampling and order placement. [In German only]
    download file

Accompanying brochures

Richtlinien für die sachgerechte Düngung im Garten- und Feldgemüsebau 3. Auflage

Richtlinien für die sachgerechte Düngung im Garten- und Feldgemüsebau

In der vorliegenden Richtlinie sind wesentliche Grundlagen für eine optimierte Nährstoffversorgung von
Gemüsekulturen im österreichischen Produktionsgebiet zusammengefasst.

3. Auflage, 2008

Download dieser Broschüre (pdf)

Kulturdatenblätter Gemüsebau

Kulturdatenblätter

Über 100 Kulturdatenblätter stehen für Sie zum Download bereit.

Download der Datenblätter (pdf)

Organic farming

Organic farming

In cooperation with representatives of Bio Austria and the Austrian Chambers of Agriculture, AGES has developed an examination package, which is specifically tailored to the requirements of organic farming.

In an initial examination, essential parameters for soil characterisation and nutrient supply are determined, whereas the follow-up examination analyses the nutrient balance.

Based on the test results, recommendations for soil management and fertiliser planning can subsequently be provided.

Downloads and further information

Requesting a soil analysis for organic farming (questionnaire)

To place an order for the examination of areas used for organic farming it is necessary to completely fill in the relevant form provided and submit it together with the soil sample.

Download this form:
Please choose format: 
pdf | jpg

Accompanying brochures

Richtlinien für die sachgerechte Düngung im Ackerbau und Grünland, 7. Auflage 2017

Richtlinien für die sachgerechte Düngung

Anleitung zur Interpretation von
Bodenuntersuchungsergebnissen in der Landwirtschaft.

7. Auflage, 2017


Download dieser Broschüre (pdf)

Hobby gardening

Hobby gardening

caption
Handful of Strawberries
Handful of Strawberries

For hobby gardeners it is generally sufficient to have basic soil properties (pH, salinity) as well as the content of the main nutrients nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and magnesium analysed in a chemical examination ('simple examination').

For initial soil testing or in the case of problems with or on the plants it is advisable to additionally check for the trace elements iron, manganese, zinc, copper and boron ('advanced examination'). If required, further analyses can still be performed (e.g. humus content, heavy metal content).

Downloads and further information

    Order placement hobby gardening (53 K)
    Form for requesting an analysis for hobby gardeners [In German only]
    download file  | open PDF

Services

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Aufstellung an Laborfläschchen mit verschieden färbigem Inhalt
Aufstellung an Laborfläschchen mit verschieden färbigem Inhalt

Permanent soil properties (examination every 10 years)

  • pH value
  • Lime analysis or lime content
  • Lime activity
  • Lime requirement
  • Organic matter content
  • Total nitrogen content
  • Determination of potential nitrogen (anaerobic incubation)
  • Clay content
  • Determination of the distribution of particle size classes clay, silt and sand
  • Determination of effective cation exchange capacity
  • Determination of potassium fixation

Nutrients (examination every 5-6 years)

  • Plant-available fractions of the elements P, K, Mg, Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, B
  • Water-soluble fractions of the elements P, Ca, K, Mg, Na
  • Determination of exchangeable bound cations
  • Determination of electrical conductivity (salinity)
  • Determination of the Nmin content (NO3 and NH4):
    Time of analysis depends on the issue at hand; further information upon request.

Contaminants

  • Content of the acid-extractable proportion of the elements Pb, Cu, Zn, Cr, Ni, Co, As, Hg, Sb, Se, Cd, Mo, Sn, Ca, Mg, K, Na, P, Fe, Mn, Al

The examination can be followed-up with a corresponding interpretation of the results and can be entered into the free online tool AgrarCommander.

Standards

Methods used in soil analysis

The tests are carried out according to applicable standards, European and international standards. The accreditation scope can be found on the homepage of the Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy (BMWFW).

Plant available nutrients:

Parameters – Method – Short Description
Basic analysis: pH, plant available amounts of Phosphor and Potassium pH according to ÖNORM EN 15933, nutrient axtraction according to ÖNORM L 1083; Determination of P and K according to ÖNORM L 1087 Rating of the nutrient supply (P and K), liming demand
Water extractable Phosphor ÖNORM L 1092 Improved rating of P availability
plant available amount of Magnesium ÖNORM L 1093 or CAT-extraction acc. to VDLUFA Rating of Mg-supply, K/Mg ratio
plant available amounts of iron, manganese, copper and zinc ÖNORM L 1089 or CAT-extraction acc. to VDLUFA Rating of trace element supply
plant available amounts of Boron ÖNORM L 1090 oder CAT-Extraktion acc. to VDLUFA Rating of Boron supply
Mineral nitrogen (Nmin) ÖNORM L 1091 Amount of plant available nitrogen
Nitrogen mineralization Anaerobic incubation acc. To Kandeler et al. Rating of the nitrogen mineralization
Electric conductivity ÖNORM L 1099 Salt content of the soil

Permanent soil characteristics:

Parameters – Method – Short Description
Organic Carbon, Humus Content ÖNORM L 1080 Rating of the Corg / humus content and the N mineralization potential
Nitrogen content ÖNORM L 1095 Rating of the total nitrogen content, C/N-ratio
Lime content ÖNORM L 1084 Rating of the lime content and the influence on trace element availability
Lime activity AGES - method Rating of the reactivity of the soil lime
Potassium Fixation ÖNORM L 1097 Evaluation of the possible fixation of potassium, calculation of compensating fertilization
Particle Size Distribution (sand, silt, clay) ÖNORM L 1061-2 Percentage of sand, silt and clay; important for the availability of K and Mg
Exchangeable Cations ÖNORM L 1086-1 Exchangeable Ca, Mg, K, Na; for acid soils additionally H+, Fe, Mn and Al
Aqua regia extractable elements ÖNORM L 1085 Determination of trace elements and heavy metals (e.g. Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn, Pb, Cr, Ni, Co, Mo, As, Cd, Hg, Se) and nutrients (e.g.. P, K, Mg) in the aqua regia extract

Common Services:

Parameters – Method – Short Description
Soil sampling ÖNORM L 1054, 1055, 1056, 1057, 1058 Soil sampling for nutrient management: arable land, grassland, vineyards, orchards, tree nurseries, protected cultivation
Fertilizer management Plan Guidelines of the Advisory Board for Soil Fertility and Soil Protection Development of a fertilizer management plan based on soil analysis data and crop information
Applcation of Sewage Sludge Sewage sludge regulations od Lower Austria and Burgenland Development of compliance certificates according to the relevant regulations

Sample submission and prices

Samples may be forwarded by post or parcel services as well as submitted personally during the following times:

Monday to Thursday from 7.30am to 4pm
Friday from 7.30am to 3pm

Should you require a personal consultation or further information, please contact our experts any time between 7.30am and 3.30pm (daily).  

How to get there

Please click here for a detailed route description.

Prices

    Privattarif für Boden-, Substrat-, Giesswasser und Düngemitteluntersuchungen (88 K)
    Die im Download angegebenen Preise sind ab 01.01.2017 gültig und verstehen sich exklusive 20% USt.
    download file  | open PDF


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